Dr. Nabil Mohareb (Associate Professor and Head of Faculty branch, Faculty of Architectural Engineering at Beirut Arab University, Lebanon.)
The theoretical part is discussing the usage of space syntax as one of the spatial configuration theories that can be applied starting from the micro level (inside buildings) to the macro levels (the city level). Space syntax theory attempts to understand why, from a spatial point of view, the built environment takes its shape in relation to corresponding socio-cultural activities. There is a fundamental link between the structures and functions of cities, as the configuration of the network is the primary shaper of the pattern of movement. As a quantitative method, space syntax describes patterns of spatial layouts showing the effect of urban grid configuration on existing movements. It measures integration, which refers to accessibility. It describes the average depth of a space to all other spaces in the systems, which indicates the preferable potential places to move to as a movement destination.